This page contains the new Churchyard Regulations 2016 replacing the previous regulations of 1987. Also the Cremated Remains faculty 1990. The new churchyard regulations are printed out below for quick reference. Below this is the Cremated Remains Faculty.
(footnote at bottom for funeral directors on digging cremation plots)
DIOCESE OF OXFORD
CHURCHYARD REGULATIONS 2016
The Chancellor of the Diocese, with the advice of the Diocesan Advisory Committee, makes the following regulations:
Application, commencement and interpretation
- These Regulations apply to every churchyard which is subject to the jurisdiction of the Consistory Court of the Diocese of Oxford (but see regulation 2).
- They are subject to any regulations for a particular churchyard made or approved in writing by the Chancellor of the Diocese (whether made or approved before or after these Regulations come into operation).
- These Regulations come into operation on 1st January 2017 and replace the Churchyard Regulations for the Diocese of Oxford dated 10 June 2009.
- In these Regulations–
a. “archdeacon” means the archdeacon of the archdeaconry in which the churchyard is situated;
b. “churchyard” includes the curtilage of a church, and a burial ground of a church (whether or not it immediately adjoins the church);
c. “minister” means–
i. the incumbent or priest in charge of the benefice in which the churchyard is situated (unless a special cure of souls has been assigned to any priest for the area in which the churchyard is situated, whether in a team ministry or otherwise, in which case that priest is to be treated as the minister for the purposes of these Regulations), or
ii. where there is no such person, the area dean of the deanery in which the churchyard is situated;
d. “ledger stone” means a flat stone slab marking the place of interment of cremated remains;
e. “monument” means a headstone or similar form of commemoration;
f. “relevant regulations” means, in relation to a monument, regulations 12 to 21; and in relation to a ledger stone, regulations 22 to 28;
g. a reference to a matter being permitted or not permitted applies only for the purposes of these Regulations; it does not prevent any monument or ledger being introduced or removed under the authority of a faculty or other order issued by the Consistory Court.
- The Chancellor may, in respect of a benefice generally or of a particular churchyard, appoint a person to exercise functions under these Regulations in place of the minister; accordingly, where such a person is appointed, references to the minister are to be read as references to that person.
Authority delegated to minister
- Authority is delegated from the Chancellor of the Diocese to the minister to authorise–
a. the introduction into a churchyard of any monument or ledger stone which complies with the relevant regulations; and
b. the matters provided for in regulations 44 (addition of further inscriptions), 46 and 48 (temporary removal for addition of inscription or repair) subject to the requirements of these Regulations.
- An application to the minister for authority to introduce a monument or ledger stone must be made using the form set out in the Schedule to these Regulations.
- The minister may, in his or her discretion, decline to authorise the introduction of a monument or ledger stone or other matter provided for in these Regulations despite the fact that what is proposed complies with the provisions of these Regulations.
- The minister must decline to authorise the introduction of a monument or ledger stone or any other matter which does not comply with the provisions of these Regulations.
- The minister may, if he or she considers it expedient, refer an application for authorising a monument or ledger stone or other matter provided for in these Regulations to the archdeacon; and where the minister does so, the archdeacon may exercise the functions of the minister under these Regulations.
- Any question as to the interpretation or application of these Regulations is to be determined by the Chancellor of the Diocese.
- Regulations 13 to 21 apply to monuments.
- A monument may be introduced only at the place where the body of the person to be commemorated by the monument is buried.
- Six months must have elapsed since the date of burial before a monument may be introduced.
- The maximum permitted height for a monument is 1220mm (48”) and the maximum permitted width is 915mm (36”).
- The maximum permitted thickness for a monument is 155mm (6”) and the minimum permitted thickness is 75mm (3”) (except for slate monuments, for which the minimum permitted thickness is 40mm (1.5”)).
- Unless the monument is to be supported by a pre-cast concrete shoe situated below the ground, the minister must be satisfied that the monument will be inserted sufficiently deeply into the ground to ensure its stability, having regard to the nature of the ground and any likely settlement.
- A monument may have a visible stone or concrete base only if–
a. the base is an integral part of the design of the monument,
b. it does not project from the monument by more than 50mm (2”) away from the place of burial and 205mm (8”) towards the place of burial, and
c. the monument is connected to the base by non-ferrous dowels.
- The base may make provision for not more than two vases that are to be fitted into it.
- Any foundation slab for a monument must not be visible after the work of introducing the monument has been completed.
- A monument must meet the requirements of regulations 29 to 45 (design, materials, inscriptions etc.).
- Regulations 23 to 28 apply to ledger stones.
- A ledger stone may be introduced only at the place where the cremated remains of the person to be commemorated by the ledger stone are interred (but see regulation 25).
- Where burials in a churchyard have been discontinued by Order in Council under the Burial Act 1853 or 1855, a ledger stone may be introduced only–
a. if the interment of the cremated remains was authorised by a specific faculty, or
b. if the remains were interred in an area which has been set aside by faculty for the interment of cremated remains generally
(but see regulation 25).
- Ledger stones are not permitted where the parochial church council has adopted a policy of commemorating persons whose cremated remains are interred in the churchyard exclusively by other means (for example, wall plaques or a book of remembrance).
- The maximum permitted dimensions for a ledger stone are 460mm (18”) in length and 460mm (18”) in width.
- A ledger stone must be laid so that its upper surface is flush with the ground.
- A ledger stone must meet the requirements of regulations 29 to 45 (design, materials, inscriptions etc.).
- A ledger stone must be rectangular or square (but a monument need not be).
- A monument or ledger stone must not take the form of a statue or of a particular object such as a heart, a person, animal or other figure; but a monument (though not a ledger stone) may take the form of a representation of a book.
- A monument or ledger stone must not include any lighting, whether electric or otherwise or any glass shades.
- A monument or ledger stone must not include–
a. a portrait, photograph or other image of an individual (whether of the person commemorated or any other person)
b. any other pictures or imagery except as permitted by regulation 33
c. any moulding
d. any video or sound recording
e. a QR code or other machine-readable label
f. kerbs or other fencing, railings or other demarcation
g. stone or glass chippings
- A black, white or uncoloured etching or carving may be permitted provided that it–
a. is reverent and not indicative of beliefs contrary to the doctrine of the Church of England,
b. does not depict an individual, and
c. covers no more than one-fifth of the surface of the monument or ledger stone.
- A monument may be inscribed with a stonemason’s mark provided that the mark is not in a prominent position.
- A monument or ledger stone must be made of natural stone or of hardwood.
- The surface of the stone must not be made reflective by being polished or finely honed.
- A monument or ledger stone is not permitted if it–
a. is black, blue, red or green (or appears to be any of those colours) or is otherwise brightly coloured,
b. is made of marble, synthetic stone or plastic, or
c. is painted.
- A monument or ledger stone may include an inscription provided it is simple, reverent and not contrary to the doctrine of the Church of England.
- An inscription may include quotations from the Bible or from literary sources (subject to regulation 38).
- In addition to the formal names of the person commemorated, nicknames or other names by which the person was familiarly known may be included as part of the person’s name, within brackets or inverted commas (subject to regulation 38).
- An inscription must be incised or in relief and may be uncoloured, grey or black only; plastic, lead or other inserted lettering is not permitted.
- Hand-crafted letter cutting is permitted.
- Cursive script (that is, a script which gives the appearance of having been written in a running hand) is not permitted.
- The addition of further inscriptions which comply with regulations 38-43 and which are consistent with the style and language of the original inscription may be authorised by the minister following further burial in a grave or interment of further cremated remains.
- An application for authority to add a further inscription must be made to the minister in writing and provide details of the proposed additional inscription (including the style of lettering to be used and the place on the monument or ledger stone where it is proposed to be added).
Works to existing monuments etc.
- The owner of a monument or ledger stone which is less than 50 years old may carry out works of repair to it (including renewing lettering) without a faculty provided that the monument was lawfully introduced into the churchyard and the minister authorises the repairs before they are carried out.
- Repairs which would result in the monument or ledger stone ceasing to comply with these Regulations must not be authorised.
- The owner of a monument or ledger stone which is less than 50 years old may, if authorised to do so by the minister, remove it from the churchyard for not more than 3 months for the purpose of adding an inscription authorised under regulation 44 or carrying out repairs authorised under regulation 46.
- A monument or ledger stone which is more than 50 years old must not be removed from the churchyard without the authority of a faculty.
- Individual gardens, including the planting of shrubs are not permitted; but the minister may authorise the planting of a small number of bulbs.
- Plastic flowers and plastic wreaths are not permitted; except that wreaths and other arrangements of artificial poppies may be introduced to commemorate those who have died in the service of their country in time of war or other conflict.
- Cut flowers and silk flowers may be left at the place of burial or interment of cremated remains but must be removed once they are decaying or have become faded.
- With the permission of the minister, up to 3 toys or similar objects may be left at the place of burial or interment of cremated remains for a period of 12 months from the date of burial or interment but must be removed at the end of that period.
- The minister, or a person acting on his or her behalf, may remove any objects which are not, or have ceased to be, authorised under these regulations and which have not been authorised by faculty.
8th November 2016
St Lawrence’s Churchyard, Bradwell
(Ecumenical Parish of Stantonbury, Milton Keynes)
Interment of Cremated Remains
On 13th November 1990 the Registrar of the Diocese of Oxford granted to the Vicar and Churchwardens a Faculty to set aside within the churchyard of St Lawrence, Bradwell further areas for the interment of cremated remains on the east side of the public footpath.
The terms of the Faculty are as follows:
- Plots in the reserved area are to measure 30 cm by 30 cm and are to be dug to a depth of 60 cm.
- Cremated remains are to be committed directly to the earth and containers of whatever kind are to be dispensed with at the moment of interment.
- For a period of 25 years from the date of the first interment in it, no plot shall be used for other interments except those of other members of the same family.
After a period of 25 years from the date of interment the surviving next of kin of the deceased may apply for a tablet to remain or be renewed. In the absence of such an application the Team Vicar and Churchwardens may authorise the interment of further cremated remains to a depth of 15 cm less than the previous interments, and the replacement of the tablet.
- Plots may be marked by a horizontal tablet measuring not more than 23 cm by 15 cm laid level with the surface of the soil so that a mower may pass over it. The tablet may be inscribed with the name and date of death of the deceased.
- Names of those whose remains are interred will be recorded on a plan of the reserved area deposited in the safe of St Lawrence’s.
Footnote: guidance for digging cremation plots (2017) for Funeral Directors (Minister/Officers please note)
Graves and plots are dug by the funeral directors. There is a small area still open for cremations. A diagram in the church shows the area. A Plot is prepared by funeral directors at the direction of minister/officers. The Turf is first dug out as a square much larger than the tablet size as one piece, then a tablet sized hole (23cm x 15cm) is made in the centre of the turf just removed, then the hole is dug as deep as can go for the first interment, the ashes are poured onto the earth, no urns or caskets. Allow room for a second ashes interment, if it is a second interment take caution when digging not to disturb the first ashes. After interment the Plot is then filled in, and the turf replaced back on top with the hole in the centre. Tablets are a standard size (see faculty above), and are laid flat on the earth in the hole in the turf just replaced. If the tablet is not ready at time of interment the hole for the plaque is filled back with the turf just dug out. Please do not just dig a hole the size of the tablet it must be larger and the turf replaced.
If in any doubt please check with the minister/officers as these guidance notes have not always been followed resulting in poorly dug plots with potentially insufficient space for future interments.